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I have been seeing specialist at local Women’s clinic in a hospital . Recently, went for d n c as well as hysteroscopy. All normal. Scans have been done several times since last year. Now, on wait and see (being monitored case). Several fibroids. Largest being nearly 6cm. Specialist recommend 6mths later check again. Maybe fibroid can have chance of shrinking on its own. Question :what kind of lifestyle or food or drinks that I can consume to shrink them naturally? To be honest, I tried Japanese green tea several months after google info online that it is good but actually no effects after seeing my scan three months ago.
There is curently no conclusive scientific evidence of any links between diet, and shrinking fibroids.
There is also no scientific evidence that avoiding certain foods prevents the recurrence of fibroids.
Having said that, there are ongoing studies looking into diet and lifestyle as contributory factors for fibroids.
Of note, the exact cause of fibroids is unknown till date. However, there is:
- A genetic element – you are more likely to develop them if someone else in your family had it.
- An association with higher levels of oestrogen (a female hormone).
There has been no evidence which directly links diet to fibroids.
Some associations between the two have been noted however, including:
- Eating lots of green vegetables and fruits, and having a lower incidence of fibroids
- A higher risk of fibroids in those with increased alcohol consumption
- A higher risk of fibroids in those who eat more red meat
There is also some evidence that shows an association between increased caffeine intake, and fibroids.
- Obesity increases the incidence of fibroids, as being overweight increases the level of oestrogen in the body
- Women who’ve had children have a lower risk of developing fibroids, and the risk decreases further the more children you have
Other known risk factors for fibroids include:
- An early onset of menstruation
- Use of birth control
I’d suggest speaking to your doctor to understand more about management options for fibroids, of which there are many effective treatments, if necessary.
The good news is that fibroids are almost always harmless, especially when monitored and managed like a specialist, like in your case.
Also, fibroids will often shrink and disappear without any treatment by themselves, particularly after menopause.
Despite what we may read online regarding foods which may promote or reduce fibroid growth, in reality, diet makes little difference in changing the size of fibroids.
Fibroid growth may vary significantly among different women and some women may be a lot more prone to fibroids than others, usually due to a combination of genetics and inherent factors in the fibroid itself.
The vast majority of fibroids are benign, but infrequently, a fast growing “fibroid” may turn out to be malignant or cancerous. They tend to grow most rapidly in the reproductive age years , and in the 30s and 40s. They tend to shrink after the menopause.
If large, and giving you symptoms like heavy bleeding or pressure symptoms, you might be advised for surgery. Surgical removal allows the confirmation that it is benign and not cancerous.
There is also a drug called Esmya available which will shrink fibroids to some degree, but this needs to be taken over at least a year.
If fibroids are small and not increasing in size, it is reasonable to just monitor them without doing any intervention.
Dr Jasmine Mohd
Consultant Obstetrician and Gynaecologist